Nanaimo Bars

I’ve been wanting to make Nanaimo bars for ages and finally got around to it. If you’ve never heard of Nanaimo bars, that’s okay. Now you may just crave something you didn’t even know existed moments ago.

Sort of like I crave things at Anthropologie seconds after I walk in the door, and had I not even ventured in, I would have been none the wiser.

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

Nanaimo bars are named after the city of Nanaimo in British Colombia. Many consider Nanaimo bars to be Cananda’s national dessert, which doesn’t add any pressure or anything posting a recipe for the national dessert of a nation that’s not my own.

They’re no-bake bars consisting of three layers. A chocolate-graham-coconut-almond flour crust, topped with a vanilla custard-buttercream, and they’re finished with a buttery slick of melted chocolate. Rich much?


They’ve been on my radar screen for years, but as I was thumbing through the October issue of Saveur, I came across a recipe for them and the accompanying photo was taken by photographer Penny de los Santos, with whom I traveled to Mexico City on a food photography trip a few years back. That trip turned out to be more of a spiritual pilgrimage than I ever imagined, with very jaw-dropping sights and very interesting people-watching. When I saw Penny’s photo of the Nanaimo bars in Saveur, it jumped off the page at me and resonated with me so much that the bars were catapulted from the ‘one day I’ll make’ pile to the ‘I must make these now’ category.

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/ coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

The bars are not difficult to make, and they’re no-bake and it’s hard to screw something up too badly if you don’t even turn the oven on, but there are three layers and many steps, and organization is key. Before beginning, read the recipe over a few times and have everything ready and in place (mise en place). This is always a good idea when cooking, but particularly so in this recipe since you don’t want to waste over a half pound of butter for nothing.

Yes, they do use two and a half sticks, twenty ounces, of butter for an 8-by-8-inch pan of bars. The beauty is that you need just a small square for total full-belly satiation. I’d rather have a couple dense and rich bites of something than a serving of airy chips, then some light ‘n crispy crackers, and then finally a cookie or two because I never felt the satisfied with all the puffed air and crispy crunchy nothings. That’s not an issue here.

The base layer is made by melting one stick of butter, adding sugar and cocoa powder to it, then adding one egg. The Saveur recipe does not call for the mixture to be cooked after adding the egg, but I preferred not to have bars with a raw egg crust and adapted the recipe and cooked the mixture. To the cooked mixture, graham cracker crumbs, coconut flakes, and almond flour are folded in.

The base layer, on it’s own, is amazing. This is my favorite layer and part of the bars. It’s got so much going on and I could just indulge in this layer and be completely satisfied. There’s density and richness from the butter and egg; and sweetness from the sugar, coconut flakes, and graham cracker crumbs. The cocoa powder infuses chocolate flavor in an understated way, not overpowering the graham crackers or coconut. There’s plenty of texture and little bits that will get stuck in your teeth from the graham crackers, almond flour, and coconut. From both a flavor and texture perspective, this is my dream layer. Set dreams in a pan aside; and get busy making the middle layer.

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/ coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

To make the middle layer, combine confectioners’ sugar, cream, and either dry milk powder, pudding mix, or custard powder. Using custard powder is the traditional Canadian way, but since it’s not readily available in many areas, and because the Saveur recipe calls for dry milk powder, I used that. I had it I had on hand from making Crack Pie.

Although I have not had the traditional Canadian bars made using custard powder, and maybe I would change my tune if I tried them that way, but my opinion is that if you don’t have custard powder or milk powder, making a creamier version of a standard-issue vanilla buttercream with an extra splash of cream, would likely be just fine. Two and a half cups of confectioners’ sugar dominates whatever it’s beaten with and I thought this layer tasted much like vanilla buttercream, albeit slightly runnier since cream rather than butter is used.

Spread the fluffy cloud mixture over the dark crust, and begentle when spreading it, so everything stays nice and neat. Set the two-tone pan aside and prepare the final layer.

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/ coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

The final layer is mixture of melted butter and chocolate and although the sounds simple enough, I had a voice in my head telling me this wasn’t going to be ideal situation. I ignored the voice, which never bodes well. After a melted chocolate-butter mixture cools and sets back up at room temperature, it will be prone to cracking when attempting to slice it. But because I wanted to stay as close to traditional Nanaimo bars as possible, I did what the recipe said. And you know what, it cracked when I sliced it, as I suspected it would. Should have listened to that voice because as I was slicing through the rock hard chocolate, my delicate white fluffy layer was splooging out the sides of the bars. And four letter words were splooging out of my mouth as it was happening.

Cracked chocolate doesn’t effect the taste but after going to the work of making and creating the three layers and preparing them with precision and careful diligence, cracks are the pits. In the future, I would either just melt one cup semi-sweet chocolate chips for a firmer, yet crack-resistant chocolate topping. Or, I would use a chocolate ganache for a softer chocolate layer which never reaches full solidification, thus eliminating cracking, and subsequent filling-splooging issues, all together.

Whatever type of chocolate you pour on, you must refrigerate the bars for at least four hours, or overnight. Feel free to make these a few days in advance and keep them in the refrigerator until you’re ready to slice and serve.

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/ coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

Needless to say, these babies are rich, so easy does it with the size of the pieces. This is one time when bigger is not necessarily better and I read that traditional Nanaimo bars are sliced in the one- to two-inch range; thus an 8-by-8 inch pan should make at least 32 small, three-bite pieces. Ironically, I don’t deem this a sweet dessert,per se. Yes, it’s sweet, of course, but far less so than the average piece of birthday cake with frosting. However, it is very rich and filling and I loved every dense, satisfying, triple-layered bite.

When biting into a bar, I was able to savor the layers as a whole, yet separately. The base layer, so full of density and chewiness; the soft and creamy cloud-like fluffiness of the middle layer; and the intense dark chocolate final layer. All distinct and all good in their own right, but when teamed up, they become a literal triple-threat.

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/ coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

I think these would be perfect on a holiday party tray. They are visually impressive and although there are three layers, the active work time is only about thirty minutes. A very good use of a half hour of your time.

I hope I did Canada’s national dessert proud.

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/ coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

Nanaimo Bars - 3-layer no-bake bars with a chocolate/ coconut/graham/almond base, filled with buttercream & topped with more chocolate! Rich isn't even the word! So good!

Nanaimo Bars
Prep time
Total time
A 3-layer no-bake bar made with a chocolate, coconut, graham cracker, and almond base, topped with a dense layer of buttercream, and finished with a slick of rich dark chocolate. Some call these bars Canada's national dessert. I call them buttery rich decadence. Making them should take no more than 30 minutes but organization and having everything organized and in place before beginning is key. The hard part is waiting for at least 4 hours for them to chill and set-up before digging in.
Serves: Makes one 8-by-8-inch pan, about 25 small squares
  • 20 tablespoons unsalted butter, softened (2½ sticks)
  • 5 tablespoons cocoa powder
  • ¼ cup granulated sugar
  • 1 large egg
  • 1¼ cups graham cracker crumbs
  • 1 cup sweetened shredded coconut flakes
  • ½ cup almond flour (or heaping ½ cup almonds, ground)
  • 2½ to 3 cups confectioners' sugar
  • 3 tablespoons cream or half-and-half
  • 2 tablespoons dry powdered milk (or dry instant vanilla pudding mix or Bird's Custard Powder 300g)
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 8 ounces dark or bittersweet chocolate (I used 6 ounces of 72% chocolate and 2 ounces of semi-sweet chocolate chips)
  1. Prepare an 8-by-8-inch pan by lining with aluminum foil and spray with cooking spray (you must line the pan and foil is highly recommend over parchment, which shifts around inside the pan too much); set pan aside.
  2. For the Base Layer - In a medium-sized saucepan over low heat, melt 8 tablespoons butter (1 stick). Remove pan from the heat and add the granulated sugar, cocoa powder, and whisk to combine. Whisk in the egg. Return pan to low heat and cook for about 90 seconds, stirring continuously, just until the mixture thickens slightly and this also gently heats and cooks the egg. Remove pan from heat and add graham cracker crumbs, coconut flakes, almonds, and stir to combine. Transfer mixture to prepared pan, pressing evenly into the bottom in a smooth flat layer; set aside.
  3. For the Middle Layer - To the mixing bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, combine 8 tablespoons butter (1 stick), confectioners' sugar (I started out with 2½ cups but found 3 cups was better and made mixture thicker and less runny), cream, powdered milk (I do not think that the powdered milk, vanilla pudding, or custard mix is truly necessary, but classic Nanaimo bars use it; I wouldn't race out and buy it if I didn't have it on hand), vanilla and beat for 3 to 5 minutes, or until smooth and fluffy, stopping to scrape down the sides of the bowl as necessary. Spread over chocolate base layer; set aside.
  4. For the Top Layer - In a medium microwave-safe bowl, combine 4 tablespoons butter (1/2 stick) and chocolate and heat on high power to melt, about 1 minute and whisk to combine. Heat in 15-second increments until mixture can be whisked silky and smooth. Carefully spread over vanilla layer, taking your time and being very careful with your knife or spatula as not to muddle the layers. Place pan into refrigerator for at least 4 hours, or until set; overnight is fine. I would err on the side of longer as not to have a mess when you slice into them. Slice into modest squares, approximately 1 to 2-inches each, as bars are very rich.
Recipe adapted from both Saveur Issue #150, October 2012 and Joy of Baking

Related Recipes:

White and Dark Chocolate Cream Cheese Chocolate Cake Bars – These bars are the opposite of Nanaimo bars in terms of work and come together in minutes and are not fussy in the least. A chocolate cake-mix crust, topped with a flood of cream cheese and sweetened condensed milk, along with plenty of white and dark chocolate chips sprinkled in. Very easy and always a hit with crowds

Creme de Menthe Bars (no-bake, vegan, GF) – One of first ‘complicated’ or more fussy desserts I ever blogged about. They are a vegan, gluten-free version of the classic creme de menthe bars that I grew up adoring. Although I didn’t add green food coloring to the white layer, you could in order to give them more visual authenticity. The taste is spot on to the original and not a drop of butter or gluten is used

Triple Layer Fudgy Mint Oreo Brownies – Uber fudgy brownies, a layer of mint buttercream, topped with crumbled mint Oreos. Perfect for Christmas parties, St. Paddy’s Day or anytime. There’s never a bad time for these

Oreo Cookie-Stuffed Brownies with Vanilla Buttercream Frosting – Another layered brownie, and this one with a black and white theme

Chocolate Coconut Chia and Oat Bars (no-bake, vegan, GF) – a 2009-era recipe (and 2009-era photography) using cocoa powder, shredded coconut, chia seeds, and oats. There’s remarkable similarity between them and the base layer of the Nanaimo Bars, and not a drop of butter was used

Magic Eight Bars – I grew up eating Seven Layer Bars (also known as Magic Bars or Hello Dolly Bars). I tweaked the original by omitting the nuts and added an additional layer. So much of what I love about Magic Bars, the graham crackers, butter, coconut, and chocolate, is included in the base layer of the Nanaimo Bars, which is why I love that layer so much

Have you ever tried a Nanaimo Bar? Or heard of them?

If you have any recipes, experiences, or a favorite layered bar or layer cake recipe, feel free to link it up.

Thanks for the entries in the South Beach Bars Sampler Pack Giveaway and in the Cuisinart for Keurig Single Cup Coffee Maker Giveaway

115 comments on “Nanaimo Bars”

  1. I crave the entire store at Anthropologie! Too bad I can’t afford anything. Now these bars! You’ve totally made my Monday 100000000x better with these!

  2. They look really good. Actually remind me of a common Australian dessert- caramel slice. It also has three layers the middle is caramel instead and the base way less exciting. I always crack the chocolate when I make them so I’ll have to try just using the chips.

  3. I’d always wondered about the name! For some reason, whenever I hear the name “nanaimo,” I think of “love” (ai in chinese means love, so go figure!). Guess this is nationally-recognized recipe that everybody just has to love…I can’t wait to try it soon myself. Thanks for sharing, Averie!

  4. I’ve never heard of Nanaimo bars! But now that I know, if I come across them, I’ll definitely give it a try. My Mom mKes the mint bars every year around Christmas, and they are one of my favorite splurges ever. Creme de menthe is amazing in those babies!

  5. Yes, I made some back in 2010 with the Daring Bakers and we loved them. The challenge was also to bake the Graham Wafers. Was fun! Here you find my Nanaimo Bars post.

  6. Averie, I’ve never made Nanaimo Bars myself but have had them several times – in a word, INCREDIBLE. And rich indeed.The bottom layer is my absolute favorite too. Just so much going on! And I am a sucker for coconut and chocolate. The chocolate cracking – yes! I had the same exact problem with my andes mint fudge. While it was simply made from chocolate chips/shortening, it still gave me a huge headache because of the middle oozing/chocolate top falling apart. Taste was obviously not altered, but still frustrating for picture purposes. Some more things I love: the smaller batch recipe, the ease of cutting bars as big/small you’d like them, the LAYERS (so beautiful) and the pictures. Now I’m off to go admire your mexico city photo tour pics :)

  7. WOW! Totally rich and beautiful! Glad you finally made them- they look so worth it

  8. This something that is on my list of must makes…it looks and sounds incredible! I must say that I am very glad that you cooked the egg. I kind of prefer to not eat raw eggs too! Triple threat desserts are definitely the way to go. And I love that you cut them into nice big squares…my kind of girl!!!

    • Photos may be a bit deceiving because I cut them fairly small. Maybe about 20 squares for an 8×8 pan. They recommend even smaller than but with my cracking chocolate situation, I just cut down the natural ‘fault lines’ that erupted. Grrr.

  9. Mmmm, I have never made these bars before, but have seen and heard of them. You make them look irresistable!!

  10. I’ve seen nanaimo bars on Cake Spy for awhile now, but your recipe seems the most straight forward and certainly looks the most delicious! I can’t wait to try!

  11. These look amazing! I’d never heard of them until Angela posted them last year (Oh she Glows!) YUM!

  12. Yep, crazy craving for something I had no idea existed! My father in law is Canadian and talks about desserts he misses. These will be a perfect treat to bring next time I visit. They look so beautiful, rich, and wonderful!

  13. ahhh those look delicious! ill have to make them for the holidays! and those magic bars are still a top fav bar of mine !

  14. I have never heard of these bars but they look incredible. At first glance, they reminded me of your creme de menthe bars ( which are to die for–I made a batch last winter). The nanaimo base by itself sounds great, but I love layered bars..and a buttercream middle…ohhh yes!

  15. So rich and delicious. I love your pictures in this post too Averie, makes me want to reach into the screen and grab one from the pan!

    • That means the world to me, Kathryn. These were VERY hard to shoot…the layers, the mess & blurred potential for muddling them, the glossy chocolate, the light and dark contrast and my aperture settings were all over the map…so thank you for this compliment! :)

  16. Nanaimo bars have been on my must-bake list FOREVER. I think it might finally be time to take the plunge!

  17. You had me at thick layer of buttercream…

  18. I wish they made these without the coconut, because the middle and top layers are fantastic! I’ve had these many many times and I always pick off the two top layers, essentially eating a dessert of frosting topped with frosting. Though I see nothing wrong with that, it being dessert and all.

    When I was in Vancouver at the conference this summer, every meal had Nanaimo bars and every afternoon snack session had more. Those canadians love them@

    • They dont taste coconutty though. Just like I dont think Magic Bars taste coconutty, it’s more texture than flavor. Really, of all flavors, they don’t read coconutty – wouldn’t steer you wrong b/c I know you’re not a coconut fan even though you bake with coconut oil. Same principle, promise :)

  19. Those look tasty and cool too see a canadian reference this morning ;)

  20. Nanaimo isn’t too far away from where I live north of Seattle, but I have yet to try a Nanaimo bar! These look ahhhmazing, and I am so jealous that you went to Mexico City with Penny de los Santos.

    • I’m glad you know who she is! Until I got really into food photography, wouldn’t have pay attention to staff photographers for Saveur but times changed and it was so special to be able to travel there with her!

  21. Oh my gosh, girl… this is an amazing looking dessert. Makes me want to move to Canada :)

  22. My favorite bar of all time! Love these!

  23. I’ve never had them and only heard about them maybe a year or so ago from Canadian bloggers.

  24. they almost look too pretty to eat!! almost. ;)

  25. I’ve TOTALLY been wanting to make nanaimo bars for the longest time. They look so good, thanks for the reminder! They’re getting bumped up my food to-do list =)

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